Çufut Qale is an ancient cave city located in the Crimea, not far away from Bakhchisaray. People call it in many different ways – “Air City”, “Forty Fortifications”, “Jewish Fortress” and “Fortress of Valuables”. Çufut Qale seems to be the only well-preserved example of the medieval architecture of the Crimea. The fortress was built in the 14th century and over a long period of time a lot of different peoples lived there. Still, the city is mainly known as “Jewish” because of the Karaites, the followers of Judaism.