Would you like to enjoy the beauty of undersea world and sandy beaches, unite with nature and try the role of a wild tourist? Welcome to Gamov peninsula area located in the Sea of Japan.
The beauty of the underwater world of Gamov peninsula area is more outstanding than its over-water landscape. Every meter of the depth reveals new associations of sea organisms giving the divers an opportunity to observe peculiarities of their behavior. Those who can't dive can only stay ashore gazing after divers and watch pictures made under the water later.
The Sea of Japan and the area of Gamov Peninsula have a complex underwater relief and perfect aerodynamics. The water is very transparent and rich in pleasant undercurrents and undersea fauna.
It is known that water temperature is a determining factor in diving planning. Its deviations are significant and account for -1+4 in winter, +4+10 in spring, +12+24 in summer and +20+8 in autumn.
Even in August the temperature of water on the surface is +24 and is cold when you dive in. The first layer of transition occurs at the depth of 14-16 meters and temperature drops to +15+12. The second transition layer is observed at the depth of 30-35 meters where the temperature goes down to +7+4. The values are not absolute as from time to time water layers are mixed due to wind and undercurrents and the borders are moving up.
In waters of middle latitudes with considerable seasonal variations in water temperature reef-building corals are not observed and live objects are fixed under water on numerous rocks. Any free surface gets inhabited at once. Places with no braking waves are covered with a layer of actiniae.
A regular actinias reminds of a flower on a thick leg. It fixes to the rock with its base while the colored part of its body is represented by a mouth surrounded with a number of tentacles. The organisms protect themselves from enemies and feed with the help of the tentacles. Stinging cells on their extremities produce poison if the animal is touched. The tentacles are harmless for a human if he is not going to lick them. Touch the actinias and it will turn into a small prominence.
In spite of the cold corals inhabit the north-western part of the Japan Sea as well. The solitary corals have a skeleton that is feeble though.
Small and rare Scleractinia corals are mostly met in recesses where they are not bothered by waves.
There is a mouth in the center of the polyp and its edges are covered with tentacles with sizes of 0.5 to 1.5 cm. On irritation the polyp hides the tentacles and closes.
In favorable conditions actiniae cover rocks with carpets so that the rock itself is not visible any longer. The best present for a diver is to get a picture of such gardens.
Waters of the Japan Sea are abundant with echinoderms. These creatures love salty water. Some sea stars are brightly colored and make the composition brighter. In the Far East the spiny-skinned organisms are components of local favorite dishes.