On 12 June 1991 Boris Yeltsin was elected as the president of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic with 57% of the vote, becoming the first popularly elected president. However, Yeltsin never recovered his popularity after a series of economic and political crises in Russia in the 1990s.
Today the far 1990s seem to many far ancient history. 37% of people believe that another President could change the life of the country for the better and only one forth part of those interviewed state that nothing could delay the awful deprivations of 1990s.
Common people of those time thought of the new Russia as a country that would rest on such soft values as freedom of speech, pluralism and joining Europe.
However, in practice, it was even more simple than that, as what people wanted was to get rid of poverty, shortage of products, criminality and despair.
Let’s review some problems of that period.
‘Terror avenue of communism. What we demand is truth and public judiciary procedure”
It is believed that the debate over renaming Leningrad into St. Petersburg in 1989-1991 was rather the controversy between old and new values. It was not just about a battle between two great men of Russian/Soviet history, Peter the Great and Vladimir Lenin.