10 The Central Railway Museum of St. Petersburg

The Central Railway Museum of St. Petersburg

Posted on June 6, 2011 by team

The Central Railway Museum located in St. Petersburg contains a huge collection of more than 50.000 objects concerned with the science of transport and railway equipment. Unique models that are stored in the museum were shown at numerous international exhibitions of the 19th and 20th centuries. Many of them are functional and clearly show the work of railway machinery.

A small model of a modern railway station. Well, modern in terms of the time when this composition was made.

The freight station of the pre-revolutionary time.

In this way the rails were laid in the days of steam locomotives.

The workplace of the assistant station-master. Judging by his headgear and telephone, it’s most likely the post-revolutionary period.

The Tsarskoe Selo Railway.

A first-class car.

A second-class car.

A third-class car.

A car for a coach.


Some more models of steam locomotives of the early period.

A passenger locomotive. The power of 150 hp let it reach the speed of 60 km/h.

The metal hinged hose was used to transfer water from a tender to a boiler.

A locomotive in section.

Steam locomotives of this type were produced at the Kolomna factory in the late 19th century.

A freight locomotive. Speed – 37 km/h. Power – 420 hp. Such locomotives were built at the Sigl factory in Vienna.

The cars of previous years.

A biaxial gondola car for coal. Used on Russian railways from 1861 to 1886.

A passenger car.

At first, such cars had no heating. The closest to the exit passengers were simply given blankets to wrap up in them. Later, the heating system became a little different. Hot bricks were put under the seats at the beginning of the trip. When they got cool and a passenger wanted to replace them, he had to pay money.

This is a compartment of a long distance train.


A car of the lowest level in section.

Three, four people at once could sleep in such a “bed”. Plus, their belongings and cattle… But don’t think everyone travelled in this way. There were compartments for wealthy people as well.

A very good model of the train of direct Siberian communication.

The model perfectly reflects the structure of its cars.


A compartment.

A parlour car.


The model of a railway bridge.

Models strike with their quality and great detail.


A steam-powered icebreaker for the transportation of the trains on Lake Baikal, built in 1896.

A rail.

A hanging rail joint.

A rail joint on twin ties.

The model of a butt joint, type R-65.

The ways in which rails were mounted to ties.

Railway points.

A ballasting train was used on Russian railways since 1934.


A tool box. The people created it seem to really love their job.


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10 responses to “The Central Railway Museum of St. Petersburg”

  1. Robert says:

    I went there a couple of weeks ago, it was excellent.

  2. Otis R. Needleman says:


  3. perristalsis says:

    Well done E.R., this is good stuff!

  4. Archy Bunka says:

    Now that is cool.

  5. marxistworker says:

    I don’t see any agitprop trains! 🙁

  6. Wraith says:

    The steam engines with the wide cone-shaped funnels are using wood-fired boilers. The shape of the funnel is to catch sparks so they don’t start fires along the train line. The work, usually.

  7. testicules says:


  8. Steamed McQueen says:

    Another one of my favorite places in St. Pete. Too bad there wasn’t a photo of the track-laying machine. What a design! The tracks were prefabricated and loaded onto a special car that had it’s own crane thereby allowing it to lay track in front of itself! Genius!

  9. scot says:

    Excellent models – and a great post.

  10. Papa Karlo says:

    The railroad network of the Russian Empire was the greatest in the world. The Russian Empire built the longest in the world Transsiberian railroad. Until today, it is unsurpassed, being by far the longest 2-way railroad. Its closest rival, Canadian Pacific railroad, is only 1-way.
    Until today, the majority of the Russian railroads, has been built before 1917.
    Russian Empire also built two of the most numerous locomotive classes in the world – the O series and E series – total 20 thousand locomotives.
    All this wealth was ruined and destroyed by communists, throwing Russia back tens of years behind other civilised countries.

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