5 One of the Most Ancient Cave Towns of Georgia

One of the Most Ancient Cave Towns of Georgia

Posted on May 30, 2011 by team


Uplistsikhe is an ancient cave town located in eastern Georgia. In 2003 it was in quite a poor condition – the old road was all in pits and ruts, and even though the entrance was free, there were barely any visitors. Not long time ago it was renovated. Cafes and toilets were built there, the road was restored and admission became 3 GEL (slightly more than 50 rubles – $ 1.7). Let’s take a tour over this ancient place.

The view on Uplistsikhe from the Kura river.

New infrastructure.

According to legend, during the construction of Uplistsikhe, a servant who worked on stone processing was given a cutter, the greater part of which was made of some precious metal, while the rest of it – of the simple one. The servant had to work until the cutting part (made of the simple metal) was completely worn out. Then the slave was rewarded with both the rest part of the cutter and long-awaited freedom.

The rock, in which the caves are carved, is made up of sandstone, the material that is relatively easy to process.

Uplistsikhe is one of the oldest settlements on the territory of Georgia. It was formed in the 16-15th century BC. Then, over the centuries the city has been rebuilt several times, abandoned and left to decay, but each time it has been somehow revived. And now, for almost 200 years since the cessation of raids and wars, no one’s been living here. People moved down to the valley of the Kura river.

An inaccessible rock on the one side and a valley on the other make the city a natural fortress.

The view on the Kura.

Sheep graze nearby.

The first inhabitants of Uplistsikhe used natural caves. Probably at the end of the 1st – the beginning of the 2nd century BC these caves were reconstructed. Several hundreds of different buildings (churches, public buildings and homes) were carved in the rocks. Wells and gutters, city gates, streets and city fortifications were constructed.

A secret passage to the river.

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5 Responses to “One of the Most Ancient Cave Towns of Georgia”

  1. Musa says:

    It’s a very beautiful place.

  2. mukmika says:

    Very interesting, would like to visit here.

  3. da2na The Georgian says:

    yeah My country really stunningly beautyfull, may be thats why Russians want to invade it! unfortunateli we – Georgians do not own any information about our teritories in abkhazia! there are more beautyfull Georgian churchies and more beautyfull wievs! I hope I’ll be able to visit Abkhazia as the part of my country!

  4. studmuffin says:

    yes very interesting how long ago was it built, and how, i mean that is all stone you know.

  5. kaifeng says:

    really like to visit someday this place,so nice landscape and caves. thanks for your introducing.

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