On the approaches to Mogilev. 1944. Liberated by the Soviet Army on the 28th of June, 1944.
The people of Bulgaria welcome the Soviet Army.
In liberated from German troops Odessa. 1944.
Getting rid of the traces of Nazi occupation. Nikolayev city.
Kerch is free. 1944.
The Red Army soldiers in liberated Polotsk. July, 1944.
The Red Army sailors in liberated Sevastopol. May 9, 1944.
Exploded by the Germans monument “Millennium of Russia”. Novgorod. January, 1944.
Germans surrender. Vilnius. July, 1944.
The soldiers set the border post on the border with Romania.
German war prisoners on the streets of Vitebsk.
Column of German captives on the streets of Moscow. July 17, 1944.
The column of captured German generals, officers and soldiers.
A paramedic bandages a German captive.
A group of Soviet spies with a captured flag.
Escorting the German captives. The Baltics, 1944.
The column of returning refugees. Summer, 1944.
The children of Belarus. Lozovatka village, 1944.
And some letters of German soldiers and officers surrounded at Stalingrad.
The reconnaissance group of the 39th Guards Rifle Division on a combat mission.
Shooters of lieutenant Rogov’s division fight on the outskirts of Stalingrad.
“… The situation is very serious. Russians surrounded the army corps, and we’re like in a bag. On Saturday, we were attacked. There were many dead and wounded. Blood flowed in torrents. The retreat was terrible. Our commander is seriously injured. Now we have no officers at all. I’m lucky yet, but I don’t actually care now…”
The red flag over the square of Fallen Heroes in liberated Stalingrad.
From the letter of a non-commissioned officer: “We are in a rather difficult position. Russians turn out to be able to wage war. It was proved by a great chess move done by them in the last few days… “
The administration of the oath on the bank of the Volga.
From Corporal’s letter to his wife: “…Every day we ask ourselves the question: Where are our saviors and when will the hour of deliverance come? Will Russians kill us till this moment or not…”
One more letter: “…We are going through the great crisis and nobody knows how it will end. The situation is so critical that, in my humble opinion, it looks like what was happening near Moscow a year ago. “
From a letter of one Lieutenant General:
“October 23. Password: Stalingrad.
October 28. Here is a real hell. Diving bombers and artillery.
October 29. Hot day for me… Terrible activity of Russian aviation.
November 2. At night colossal aviation. The thought of my soon death can’t go out of my mind. Our attacks are unsuccessful. The company commander Sergeant Lar is killed.
November 3. Noncommissioned officer Friedrick was killed.
November 8. The air raids again and again. No one knows whether he is alive in an hour…”
The broken German fighter captured by Soviet troops as a trophy after the Battle for Stalingrad.
“January 15. How long will we still eke out that miserable existence and will it ever be better? We are always waylaid by the enemy. One wishes the other to die. Since we are surrounded and we do not have enough ammunition, we are forced to sit still. There is no exit from the boiler and will never be. “
“January 10. At exactly 6 am a terrible hurricane of fire begins in the west. I’ve never heard such a roar. During the whole day the countless number of planes fly over us and drop bombs. January 13… Such strange foreboding. Will we ever leave this place or not?”
German captives walk past the frozen corpse of a German soldier. Stalingrad, 1943.
“December 8. The situation with food provision becomes more and more lamentable. One loaf of bread for seven people. We are forced to eat horses.
December 9. All feeble horses are slaughtered and eaten.
December 10. To starve is damn hard.
December 11. No hope for improvement. Now we know the price of bread.
December 12. Today I found an old piece of moldy bread. It was a real delicacy. We eat only once a day when food is distributed, and then starve for 24 hours…”
“… I would be extremely happy to get a piece of stale bread. But we don’t have even that.”
“… Three enemies make our lives very difficult: Russians, hunger and cold. Russian snipers keep us under constant control…”
“…Yesterday, we received vodka. At that time we were just cutting the dog so vodka was very handy. I have already killed four dogs but my friends can’t still eat their fill. I once shot a magpie and cooked it…”
The soldiers of the Soviet 62nd Army fight for Stalingrad.
“…Josef Gross had a dog. Well, it’s done – I’m not kidding…”
“…December 26. Today we cooked a cat.”
“…Elsa (the wife’s name), I do not want to make you sad thus won’t tell much… I just want to tell you that I will soon die from hunger…”
“…Many of those who didn’t even think about death last year today are dead. Many people lost their lives this year. In 1943, it will be even worse. If the situation doesn’t change and surroundings are not broken then we all will perish from hunger… There is no perspective.”
The territory of the Stalingrad Tractor Factory where terrible fights took place during the Siege of Stalingrad.
Many soldiers and officers of the Wehrmacht realizing the hopelessness of the situation surrendered before the Paulus’s decision to surrender. Those who waited for him suffered heavy losses. The surrounded enemy lost over 100 thousand people over the 2 weeks.
Paulus surrendered to the Soviet troops on February 2, 1943. 113 thousand soldiers and officers of the 6th army were captured. Soldiers and officers who dreamed of visiting Moscow marched down its streets but not as conquerors but as the prisoners of war.
A frontline cameraman shoots a column of German captives in Stalingrad. They move along the bank of the Volga.
July 17, 1944 – 57,600 prisoners of war captured by the Red Army walked through the city. And less than a year later Soviet soldiers hoisted their flag over the Reichstag.