The Ekibastuz GRES-1 is the 4,000 MW coal-fired thermal power station (GRES) located near Ekibastusz, Kazakhstan. Its construction began in 1974. This station is the biggest in Kazakhstan: according to the project it consists of 8 power units and 330-meters chimneys. But in fact the first chimney is only 300 metres because of its curvature.
Formerly small pieces of ashes escaped from chimneys and fell on workers. When is was raining these pieces might burn clothes and leave burns on the skin.
The nearest sheep farm closed because all sheep ground off teeth and died. Spacemen told that the smoke extended for 700 km. Real electric cleaners started working only in 1998-1990. During the USSR times these chimneys were used by regiments of the bomber aviation.
The 1st, 2nd and the 8th energetic units were not working, because plundered for details by previous owners. That is why the plant was given to the state.
Near the GRES-1 is the GRES-2 with generators made in the Leningrad metal factory. Soon the GRES-3 and GRES-4 will appear in the Pavlodar region and in Ulken respectively. The new stations are expected to be absolutely different from the first ones.
The first power unit was launched on the 12 of April, 1980, the last-in1984. And right after this event in 1984 the station became one of the biggest in the USSR territory. Nowadays the Ekibastuz GRES-1 owners are the serious Kazakhstan companies. The GRES is also the big coal station with the 2500 WT power. 5 units work now and 8more are planned to be launched by 2017.