14 The Analog Of The Chernobyl NPP In Kursk

The Analog Of The Chernobyl NPP In Kursk

Posted on April 20, 2011 by team

The Kursk nuclear power plant is located in Kurchatov near Kursk. The plant consists of 4 power units with the whole power of 4 Gw.
Energetic blocks started operation in 1976-1985. This nuclear power plant became the second plant with reactors RBMK-1000 after the one in Leningrad launched in 1973. The construction of the 5th unit suspended in the middle of 2000s.
The Kursk plant is the closest analog of the plant in Chernobyl.

A war is an engine for progress. Who would spend a lot of money for atomic reactors if there was not the armament drive. The first Soviet reactors served for plutonium making. A lot of heat emitted during this process. Firstly it was discharged with refrigerators when it was decided to construct the first experimental nuclear plant. And this mission was thrown on the Obninsk nuclear power plant built in 1951-1954. Its reactor was uranium-graphite.

The first energetic block with the uranium-graphite reactor appeared in 1973 in the Leningrad plant, then such blocks were constructed in the Kursk nuclear plant but taking into account increased requirements for safety. The startup of the first energetic unit in the Kursk plant was in 1976, the second in 1979, the third in 1983 and the fourth in 1985.

The emergency staff of direction and connection that may function even in cases of serious damages on the plant territory.

All workers and excursionists go through a radiation counter with scintillation detectors.

The whole territory is divided into the clean and dirty parts. In the second part there may be sources of radiation so before going there everybody should change his clothes no matter who he is: a guest or a head.

Very long corridors with countless number of lockers for automatic giving out of dosimeters.

Every worker should always have a personal dosimeter.  If the radiation level is high a worker is removed for a year. But there haven’t been such cases yet.

The room for power grids direction.

Do not switch on! People are working!
The Kursk nuclear power plant gives the electricity to 9 channels for energy supply in the region and in Ukraine and for reserve supply and for its own needs.

Blocks for the direction of signalization and fire extinguishing.

The main room is the control panel of the energetic blocks.


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14 Responses to “The Analog Of The Chernobyl NPP In Kursk”

  1. testicules says:


    This site has a facination with all the pipes and dials and controls you can see in a power plant. This has to be like the 1000th post of a nuke site.

  2. Musa says:

    I wonder how many nuclear power plant experts follow the nuclear power plant posts of EnglishRussia? I believe they create posts like this one because of current events and some people do find these post interesting.

    Personally, all these pictures are really starting to make me feel s.t.u.p.i.d. and feel like I should of started taking notes and researching the subject many many nuclear power plant posts back to help my mind to try to make sense of it all. But there are so many other things I find more interesting and no one can know all there is to know about everything.

    Now I know where to come if I ever need to look at great pictures of Russia’s nuclear power plants.

    • RAB says:

      Well said,who needs to try to say it better? You wrote what most of us feel when we see such pictures.A mixed bag of feelings especially these days considering what’s happening in japan.I could only add that one reason I keep watching is that thankfully Russia is willing to let us see inside because no other country’s are so willing. Looking at these pictures makes me wonder how much Japan is hiding from the world.

      • Musa says:

        You’re right, it is amazing the Russian government is allowing the photographers inside to photograph as much as they have.

        I believe the Japanese government isn’t telling the public the whole story either.

  3. TheGenuineDon says:

    Wonderfull marvel of soviet technology!

  4. manta says:

    I love those RBMK’s. No pressure vessel which is a hard job to cast and anneal after every welding. And you don’t need to shut down the reactor for refueling. Hope the new canadian CANDUs are just as good as these.

  5. marxistworker says:

    Energy unlimited.

  6. opticalsound says:

    Shouldn’t they have a big red button (an emergency stop) like on my CNC?

    • RAB says:

      If history has taught anything, by the time the red light starts flashing it’s likely too late.
      There seams to be no middle ground with these things.
      One thing stands out is human error,hindsight is always twenty twenty.Since the reactors in Japan are sitting basically at ocean level one backup system should have been to have the diesel generators inland and elevated or built on a hill.The salt water shorted out everything in sight, one would have thought they had that problem covered.

  7. SSSR says:

    this site still has the glitch….

    • required says:

      Interesting point.
      Actually i haven’t found a decent article about the current status of RBMK’s.
      Some say that as soon as the cause of Chernobyl accident was known measures were taken in other plants to avoid future accidents.
      Others say that not much has been really done, and the fundamental problem is still there.

  8. Long Gone says:

    Look, a three eyed fish. Just like they have in Japan. A nuke plant in Kursk? If the Germans invade again they will take over plant and misuse it and blow it up…wait that already happened.

  9. asdf says:

    This disaster waiting to happen shouldve been shut down decades ago

    • required says:

      No one can ever know for sure what type danger awaits. Be it one or other type of NPP or completely different man built structure. How many highly contagious chemical plants are out there.
      All NPP’s are potential disasters.

      Most other types of PP’s are actual polluters. And what’s the worst that can happen? What is the exclusion zone of Chernobyl, 50km? Just don’t build them too close to populated places or vital nature resources (oceans etc).
      How many kms of land each hydro electrical plant permanently floods with its construction. What if the dam cracks.. they have much lower safety tolerances.

      Unless the whole north europe becomes unfertile only after six generations, like it was in some experiments with mice and low doses, the risks seem to be exaggerated.

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