11 Construction of The First Moscow Underground Line

Construction of The First Moscow Underground Line

Posted on April 5, 2011 by team

Here are some archival photos from the constructing of the first line of the Moscow underground.

Sometimes it is hard to distinguish where are the upper sides of the pictures and where are its lower parts, because photos are black-and-white and very old.

Cofferdams. The plate “Hairdresser’s” is in the background.

And in the foreground you can see a mine.

It is probably a headframe.

The fossil.

Workers are even without helmets, but it was normal for that time.

The process of ramming in the rabbet.

A trolley.

An adit.

Preparations of the calotte for concreting.

A cofferdam detail.

An old photoshop was used for pictures arrangement.

Necessary details were cut and put on the white paper.

Cofferdams installed in the mine.

Another fossil.

The mine shaft. There is a big tank for compressed air and a pump.

The American compressor “Chicago Pneumatic Tool”.

The arch lock was made from stone.

A lifting jack with a log.

A strange, unknown construction.

Buried calotte.

A radiator?

The mine in the street.

Sinking of the water level.


The mine shaft. Pay attention to the crack in the wall that is indicated with arrows.

Concreting of the shaft.

Buntons are pressed by the mountain pressure.

Maybe it is the delivery of the rock to the top.

The radiator installation.

The arrangement of the mine. Workers  hadn’t any safety equipment!

The building of a metal rabbet.

An arch lock.

Examples of the oblong rock.

A winch of a cage hoist.

Casings, falseworks and mine fittings.

The mine striking.

Horizontal boring.

Installing of mine fittings.

A clamshell.

And this is the fragment from building of the second or third underground line.

via russos

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11 Responses to “Construction of The First Moscow Underground Line”

  1. testicules says:

    It looks like slave labor conditions.

    • Trynn Allen says:

      Hardly. It looks like any other deep structure construction of the late nineteenth or twentith century. If you find pics of the construction of the Holland tunnel they are practically the same, only these guys didn’t have to worry about the East River coming crashing down on them.

      • Bob says:

        Agreed – take a look at any of the massive construction projects done around the same time, anywhere. Regardless of where you’re from, people worked harder and were a lot tougher in those days than they are now. Thanks for another great series!

  2. llz says:

    when was it, looks like 1970-80 or smthng

  3. Otis R. Needleman says:

    Any idea what all the radiators were for?

    • Viktor Eviktor says:

      Politburo members only

    • DougW says:

      Radiators could have been for any number of things. Just a thought but compressor air is very hot and high humidity, so running it through there would make it dryer, cooler, and easier on the tools.

    • Damien says:

      The radiators are possibly for controlling the temperature of the concrete.
      If the weather is cold, then poured concrete can crack as it cures. The radiators keep it warmer so it can cure more slowly and reach it’s full strength.

  4. Palal says:

    Those are not radiators, quite the opposite actually. they were used to freeze soil

  5. Palal says:

    Those “radiators” could also be used to freeze soil.

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