12 The Archaeological Museum “Berestie”

The Archaeological Museum “Berestie”

Posted on March 23, 2011 by team

Do you remember when you were in a museum for the last time? Most likely, you do not. So lets visit the museum “Berestie” in Brest fortress (Byelorussia).

The museum is located on the cape, where there is also the kremlin of this old city.

It was opened in 1982. The museum is a marquee of modern architecture that covers excavations.

A boulder with a cross cut out in it.

One of the latest find – hearth remains of the 10th century.

Big excavations of a handicraft area of the XIII century are made at the depth of 4 metres. Building remains are preserved, of course, but still they are roting. But it does not matter. Only a small part of the ancient city is excavated.

There are 20 log houses.

Two buildings have even saved their 12 row of beams. You can see them in the background.

Two planking streets cross the excavations.

The plankings preserved 6 layers.


Berestie is one of the most ancient cities in Byelorussia.

This city was a fortress on the borderline of Slavic and Polish lands, an important transit path, a handicraft and trade center. The city was planned with quarters.


Wooden walls on earth banks and defensive moats protected the city from enemies. In the ХIII century a brick defensive turret and a church appeared there.

The city area was about 4 hectares and the population was 1,5-2 thousand people.

Entrances to izbas were raised under the ground. You should bend down and step over the threshold to enter a house.

Doors and ladders which were found during the excavations.

The interior decoration has neither variety nor finish. It is worth attention that people lived exactly in izbas not in huts as it is in Western Byelorussia nowadays.

A cramped room could be heated by such a small stove. But where is smoke?

Tableware was made by local artisans.


Works of Berestie smiths.

Arms, stirrups, a spur, a lock with a very strange principle of operation.

A perfectly preserved instrument.

You should yourselves guess the purpose of these two planks.

The impressively looking footwear. They are almost like modern shoes.

Fashion children boots from summer-autumn collection of 1267.

With wavy edges.

Remains of woollen cloth.


Motley glass bracelets are nearly as modern ones.

Siver and gold adornments.

Christianity items. And there were heathen subjects : sharpened colored animal teeth.

Different things : a comb, a kitchen knife, a hairpin of a tooth.

Parts of a medieval cow, which was smaller than modern one.

And in the end some nasty things.

Remains of a cat, dog, a horse and a aurochs…

a boar, a wolf and a beaver.

If some ill wind would brought you to the western boundary, visit this museum. It is near the Holm gate, one of the main Berestie sights.

Location : Berestie

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12 responses to “The Archaeological Museum “Berestie””

  1. Piotrek says:

    “This city was a fortress on the borderline of Slavic and Polish lands, an important transit path, a handicraft and trade center.”

    Poles belong to the Western Slavs (Lechitic group). So you can say that it was a borderline between Poland and Rus (a general name, might be too broad) or West and East Slavs.

    • Marcin says:

      Oh no, Piotrek, we can’t be Slavic – we’re not orthodox, we don’t use cyrillic alphabet and we don’t think Russia should rule over all the Slavic countries 😀
      I’m not kidding unfortunately, I’ve heard that many times in Russia and Ukraine…
      Pozdrawiam 🙂

  2. testicules says:

    This place would be an awesome arena for gladatorial games.

    Nobody better say “or paintball”

    Paintball is nothing compared to real sword fighting.

  3. lurker123 says:

    “Do you remember when you were in a museum for the last time?”
    Haha, yes, it was yesterday. Dear English Russia, don’t underestimate the interest in cultural things by your readers. I think a lot of them come here just because of that, not only to see blacked-out titteys of femen or wicked road acciednet.
    Stay as interesting as you are!

  4. Mizz... (A) says:

    This is amasing!

  5. Left SR says:

    If an ill wind brought me to Belarus..?

  6. SovMarxist1924 says:

    Hard times.

  7. Bruce says:

    Amazing! Thank you.

    That big rock was probably sacred in the old pagan religion, hence the need to carve the cross in it to dominate the old ways with Christianity.

    • Musa says:

      There are many different types of crosses and actually some Pagan people’s used them before Christians started too. I’m no expert but maybe it was as simple as marking a rock like that with a cross like that to tell who’s country or kingdom it belonged to at a particular time. Maybe someone who really knows will come along and tell us.

      Now I’m off to find a Basque Sun pictures in that school someone said the Jesuits started or maintained.

  8. Musa says:

    Interesting photographs, thanks for that at least. We could of all done without the smartazz comments that turned out to be not so smart after all. If you don’t like your life, maybe you should try getting a new one instead of trying to take your unhappiness out on those of us who visit EnglishRussia. I doubt Mr. EnglishRussia would approve of such an attitude directed at us ER readers.

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