In the USA the firs ice-cream appeared in 1774, together with the English settlers.
The first ice-cream factory in the USSR was built in about 1937 by Anastas Mikoyan's order. The head of food department claimed that ice-cream must be produced massively and sold at a reasonable price. The first Soviet ice-cream was made on the US equipment on the 4th of November, 1937.
Some posters of 1937.