An idea to adjust transport means to move over snow appeared long ago.
First snowmobile was built in Russia in 1904 by an engineer S.S. Nezhdanovsky. It was a light model with an internal-combustion engine equipped with an aerodynamic propeller.
Already in 1907 Y.A. Meller made and tested "a skiing mobile" and a year later this vehicle was called "a motor sleigh". Igor Sikorsky contributed much to snowmobiles development as well.
First snowmobile of Igor Sikorsky.
Second snowmobile of Sikorsky.
St. Petersburg's snowmobiles, postcard dated 1914
Snowmobile of viscount De Lisle
Development of Russian engineers was invaluable for Russia with its vast territories where snowy winter lasts many months. For some North areas only this transport was available.
Since 1924 aluminium models of snowmobiles were started to be produced. The construction of the vehicle became much lighter and simpler.
A. N. Tupolev made a major contribution to the development of snowmobile transport in Russia, his model made of special type of aluminium became classic.
Snowmobile transportation wasn't more expensive than cars tranportation. Max. speed - 50km/h, average fuel consumption for 100km - 46kg.
Snowmobiles were widely used by the Russian army.