A great nation with an even greater heritage of its own. And I don’t even mean the cultural heritage but the military heritage that the Soviet Union had left behind to be heartily embosomed by successors of the fortune. Country that is half encircled by the sea and that has always been a high-shot in the top of sea-lover countries gradually (well, it could has also been ‘rapidly,’ cause no matter what it doesn’t inflict a wrench to the story) began striking aground in terms of its marine power without even anchoring it.
Even the lamest duck knows that a country’s influence overseas can possibly be weighed only by means of… yeah, that’s right, counting its marine forces units. In the days of Peter the Great it was a task of crucial importance to ‘open a window to Europe.’ But then was then and now is now. At present the biggest country in the world, and some even say the greatest and the strongest country on the Earth, has let cut the boats loose.
With less than 1/5 of its then-marine forces Russia gaspingly tries not to lose hold of the rest. The overwhelming part, almost 4/5 of ‘the sea crusaders,’ was either sold out or junked.
1. ‘Varyag’ is an aircraft-carrying air cruiser; project 1143.6.
Built in 1988 and then, in 1993, according to a treaty between Russia and Ukraine, was gleefully handed over to Ukraine.
In April 1998 was sold to a Chinese company for $20 million with its net value of $5-6 billions. In 2008 it was renamed into ‘Shi Lang.’
2. ‘Minsk’ is an aircraft-carrying air cruiser.
Built in 1975, written off in 1994 and in the end of 1995 successfully towed to the South Korean shore and sold there.
3. ‘Novorossiysk’ is another airplane-carrier.
It was built in 1975-1978 and withdrawn from operational use in 1991. Later it was sold to South Korea.
4. Aircraft-carrying air cruiser ‘Admiral Gorshkov.’
The ship was built in 1987 and removed from operational status in 2004. Sold to India right away.
5. ‘Ulyanovsk’ is a nuclear aircraft carrier with 75,000 tonnage.
The construction works started back in 1988 and was scheduled on 1995, but in less than 5 years funding was cut off and a half-built ship was eventually melt back.
6. ‘Admiral Flota Sovetskogo Soyuza Kunetsov’ is an aircraft-carrying air cruiser and one of the few marine units that have been hopefully left under the tight grip of Russia.
As of now, it is the only ship of its kind on the strength of the navy.
7. Frigates like ‘Komsomolec Ukraini.’
Now there is only one frigate (‘Smetliviy’) extant out of 20 once-to-be ones that are either written off or junked.
8. Helicopter-carrying antisubmarine cruisers:
a) ‘Moskva’ was sold to India and then junked.
b) ‘Leningrad’ was towed to India and junked there.
9. Cruisers, project 1164:
a) ‘Moskva’ is a flagship of Black Sea Fleet.
b) ‘Marshal Ustinov’ is a part of Black Sea Fleet.
c) ‘Varyag’ is a flagship of Pacific Fleet.
d) Fourth one and the last, ‘Ukraina’ cruiser is out-of-order (as well as out-of-money) now. So it just floats still in one of Ukrainian harbors and watches for a chance.
1) Out of seven aircraft-carrying air cruisers just one is battle-ready. Fife of them sold and one junked.
2) Out of two helicopter-carrying antisubmarine cruisers sold two.
3) Out of 20 frigates 19 are written off and melt down or junked.
4) Out of four missile cruisers three are efficient and one is in pre-sale preparation.
Photo and info credits via yaplakal.com