10 Pushchino Radioastronomy Observatory

Pushchino Radioastronomy Observatory

Posted on March 28, 2010 by team

Pushchino Radioastronomy Observatory 1

It is the oldest scientific establishment of Russia engaged in radio astronomy research.

It was founded in April, 11th, 1956 when Academy of Sciences of the USSR was allowed to build FIAN radio astronomy station in Serpukhovsky region and set a radio telescope there.

At present on the observatory’s territory there are two and a half radio telescopes:

1. Radio telescope RT-22 FIAN — a telescope with a parabolic reflector with 22m diameter acting since 1958, it was the first large radio telescope in the world capable to work  in the millimeter-wave range.
2. Radio telescope DKR-1000 — a meridian type telescope with an empty aperture consisting of two cross-shaped antennas North-South and East-West. In fact only East-West direction is functioning now, that is why we wrote “a half”.
3. Radio telescope BSA FIAN — an array consisting of 16384 vibrators located on the area exceeding 7 hectars. Operating wave length is 3m, and in this range BSA is the most sensible telescope in the world.

Control desk.

Pushchino Radioastronomy Observatory 2

They look nearly gorgeous.

Pushchino Radioastronomy Observatory 3

With appearance of FM radio stations it became more difficult to hear the space due to QRM.

Pushchino Radioastronomy Observatory 4

On the cart recorder is a signal from DKR-1000. All data is further processed and worked with on the computer.

Pushchino Radioastronomy Observatory 5

Out of service recorder.

Pushchino Radioastronomy Observatory 6

A computing machine. Actually it is a small control unit of BSA antenna that manually switches the direction of the antenna in the sky.

Pushchino Radioastronomy Observatory 7

Roomily, cleanly and tidily. Local workers do love their job.

Pushchino Radioastronomy Observatory 8

The cross-shaped 1000m radio telescope consists of two antennas: a mobile one the East-West axis (on the pic) and an immobile one – South-North.

Pushchino Radioastronomy Observatory 9

The East-West antenna consists of 37 masts with 40 m – parabolic girders. Some kind of an incredible spectacle of the future. Especially when you go by car under these girders.

Pushchino Radioastronomy Observatory 10

Between them the wires are tensioned, they make up the reflector’s mirror.


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10 Responses to “Pushchino Radioastronomy Observatory”

  1. Dovanov says:

    Very nice photos

  2. Mario says:

    Great shots, would love to see it real!

  3. brbrbr says:

    Mario i sorry, but its hard.
    in any country such facilities[even semi-abandoned]
    are restricted at least[for plenty of reasons].
    only if you have strong connections in astronomy circles and/or inside politicians.

    due to lack of funding, astronomers suffer nowdays.
    maybe some extrem tourism company opened tours with personel guide-supervisor to both raise funds and and allow you to see it “in real”?

    • Macsen says:

      Good idea! Maybe tourism to sites like this would help finance the building, or restoration, of more sites.

    • Alexander says:

      You see, it’s not that hard, really. We were walking that place in Pushchino several years ago with my friend. There were some guards that payed no apparent interest to us. Perhaps, there are some restricted areas where you’ll have to speek your way in, though.

  4. Musa says:

    This to is sad.

  5. CBEH says:

    In Soviet Amerika, radio telescope listens to you

  6. Peter says:

    Very nice photos. Thank you for documenting this magnificently well preserved instrument.

  7. MaCuban says:

    I had seen pictures like this before… The weather you had that day looks amazing in the photographs. Great Talent, Much Appreciated!

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