10 Pushchino Radioastronomy Observatory

Pushchino Radioastronomy Observatory

Posted on March 28, 2010 by team


Pushchino Radioastronomy Observatory 1

It is the oldest scientific establishment of Russia engaged in radio astronomy research.

It was founded in April, 11th, 1956 when Academy of Sciences of the USSR was allowed to build FIAN radio astronomy station in Serpukhovsky region and set a radio telescope there.

At present on the observatory’s territory there are two and a half radio telescopes:

1. Radio telescope RT-22 FIAN — a telescope with a parabolic reflector with 22m diameter acting since 1958, it was the first large radio telescope in the world capable to work  in the millimeter-wave range.
2. Radio telescope DKR-1000 — a meridian type telescope with an empty aperture consisting of two cross-shaped antennas North-South and East-West. In fact only East-West direction is functioning now, that is why we wrote “a half”.
3. Radio telescope BSA FIAN — an array consisting of 16384 vibrators located on the area exceeding 7 hectars. Operating wave length is 3m, and in this range BSA is the most sensible telescope in the world.

Control desk.

Pushchino Radioastronomy Observatory 2

They look nearly gorgeous.

Pushchino Radioastronomy Observatory 3

With appearance of FM radio stations it became more difficult to hear the space due to QRM.

Pushchino Radioastronomy Observatory 4

On the cart recorder is a signal from DKR-1000. All data is further processed and worked with on the computer.

Pushchino Radioastronomy Observatory 5

Out of service recorder.

Pushchino Radioastronomy Observatory 6

A computing machine. Actually it is a small control unit of BSA antenna that manually switches the direction of the antenna in the sky.

Pushchino Radioastronomy Observatory 7

Roomily, cleanly and tidily. Local workers do love their job.

Pushchino Radioastronomy Observatory 8

The cross-shaped 1000m radio telescope consists of two antennas: a mobile one the East-West axis (on the pic) and an immobile one – South-North.

Pushchino Radioastronomy Observatory 9

The East-West antenna consists of 37 masts with 40 m – parabolic girders. Some kind of an incredible spectacle of the future. Especially when you go by car under these girders.

Pushchino Radioastronomy Observatory 10

Between them the wires are tensioned, they make up the reflector’s mirror.

Pushchino Radioastronomy Observatory 11

Along the focal lines of both antennas are wide-range feed systems allowing to make observations on 2,5 – 10m waves.

Pushchino Radioastronomy Observatory 12

And this is a non-functional antenna North-South. In Pushchino there are spreading two stories: the first says that some local biological institute poisons the air and the municipal sewerage with chemicals and microbes; the second tells that the telescope irradiates poor citizens. Nobody remembers that any telescope only receives signals. But despite any quasi existing danger of brain affection houses are being built back-to-back that certainly affects signal detection quality.

Pushchino Radioastronomy Observatory 13

The South-North antenna. It represents an immovable reflector on the ground surface. In the end of the 90s it was plundered by nonferrous metals hunters. Since then it hasn’t been used.

Pushchino Radioastronomy Observatory 14

DRK-1000 control house.

Pushchino Radioastronomy Observatory 15

Feed antenna insulator.

Pushchino Radioastronomy Observatory 16

All wires are of copper, that is why under environmental influence they oxidized and got covered with a green coat.

Pushchino Radioastronomy Observatory 17Pushchino Radioastronomy Observatory 18

Most likely restoration of this axis is not expected.

Pushchino Radioastronomy Observatory 19

An angle of a kilometer construction changes by mechanisms turn simultaneously on all 37 masts.

Pushchino Radioastronomy Observatory 20Pushchino Radioastronomy Observatory 21

On the telescope mast.

Pushchino Radioastronomy Observatory 22

The construction is huge. This car seems to be a bug against a kilometer-long rank of masts.

Pushchino Radioastronomy Observatory 23

In a wet and windy day one can hear how the telescope “sings” – an incredible sound effect. Some Russian film makers even come here to use this sound for their films.

Pushchino Radioastronomy Observatory 24

Subscribe to our Facebook, Twitter to stay updated for the new posts.

Advertisement


More stories:


Click here to read next random post from English Russia

10 Responses to “Pushchino Radioastronomy Observatory”

  1. Dovanov says:

    FIRST!!!
    Very nice photos

  2. Mario says:

    Great shots, would love to see it real!

  3. brbrbr says:

    Mario i sorry, but its hard.
    in any country such facilities[even semi-abandoned]
    are restricted at least[for plenty of reasons].
    only if you have strong connections in astronomy circles and/or inside politicians.

    p.s.
    due to lack of funding, astronomers suffer nowdays.
    maybe some extrem tourism company opened tours with personel guide-supervisor to both raise funds and and allow you to see it “in real”?

    • Macsen says:

      Good idea! Maybe tourism to sites like this would help finance the building, or restoration, of more sites.

    • Alexander says:

      You see, it’s not that hard, really. We were walking that place in Pushchino several years ago with my friend. There were some guards that payed no apparent interest to us. Perhaps, there are some restricted areas where you’ll have to speek your way in, though.

  4. Musa says:

    This to is sad.

  5. CBEH says:

    In Soviet Amerika, radio telescope listens to you

  6. Peter says:

    Very nice photos. Thank you for documenting this magnificently well preserved instrument.

  7. MaCuban says:

    I had seen pictures like this before… The weather you had that day looks amazing in the photographs. Great Talent, Much Appreciated!

Leave a Reply

  • Random Post