In the 1960s-80s in the USSR there was fulfilled a great number of satellite killers tests. During this warfare there were launched land ballistic missiles, antimissiles, military satellites (including counterweapons) and it made a great impression on the USA. This warfare of the Soviet nuclear force was called “7-hours Nuclear War”, it forced America to start creation of antisatellite and anti-missile systems of new generation.
“Star Wars” program – the Strategic Defense Initiative proclaimed by Ronald Reagan (1983).
In the USA there were a lot of exotic projects of space battle station with use of kinetic, laser and particle beam weapons.
The Soviet maneuverable satellites “Polyot-1” and “Polyot”-2 (Flight-1 and 2) made to fight American military spy-satellites.
NPO Energia – a military missile station equipped with laser and missile weapons.
On the basis of NPO Energia there were developed two weapon systems: 17F19 “Skif” – applying laser weapons and 17F111 “Kaskad” – a system applying missile weapons.
The missile station “Kaskad”.
For orbiting rockets testing it was decided to mount them on cargo vehicles “Progress”.